高等教育創新與21世紀學習能力

分類:教育部雲嘉南教學中心-2014年 建立於 2015-09-28, 週一 12:35

活動標題:

高等教育創新與21世紀學習能力

活動時間、活動地點:

103.07.13-103.07.22 - 08:30~17:00

國立中正大學教育學院一館401教室舉辦

 

執行重點及具體做法:

透過研習課程洞察當前亞太地區高等教育的發展動力與趨向,強化臺灣在亞太高等教育的學術能見度與知識輸出的角色。

Asia Pacific Higher Education Research Partnerships

Research, Development and Innovation in Asia Pacific Higher Education

July 13-20, 2014

Draft-4/30/14

All readings and power points referenced in the schedule are available at: http://www.apherp.org

Coffee/tea will be provided during break periods

Three meals a day will be provided in a designated areas.

Date and Time

Presenter

Subject

Resources/Remarks

Day One: Sunday July 13

     

8:30-8:45

Deane Neubauer and NCCU Official

Official Welcomes

 

8:45-9:15

Deane and John Hawkins

Introduction to APHERP, its goals and primary concepts: (focus on purpose, goals and objectives of the institute) and walk-through of schedule. This is an orientation session.

(0) PPT APHERP

9:15-10:00

Deane Neubauer

Introduction to paradigms and paradigm change. http://youtu.be/zDZFcDGpL4U

“Shift Happens”

 

10:00-10:20

Break

   

10:20-12:00

John Hawkins

More on paradigm change with increasing emphasis on higher education.

a) Hawkins, “The Intractable Dominant Educational Paradigm” (pdf)

1)JH Dominant Paradigm ppt

12:00-1:30

Lunch

   

1:30-2:15

Deane Neubauer/John Hawkins

Tool Kit: Review of Introduction to global interdependence and toolkit.   The tool kit is a set of concepts developed out of various previous IFE 2020 endeavors and is intended to orient participants to the overall conceptual focus of the institute.

(b) IFE Tool Kit (pdf)

2:15-3:00

Participants

Participant Introductions—This session provides an opportunity for participants to introduce themselves and say some initial things about their interests and what they hope to get out of the institute.

 

3:00-3:15

Deane Neubauer

Work on setting up country reports—We will ask participants to make two presentations to the group. The first is to provide a brief introduction to the “state” of higher education in their country. The second is a final presentation due on the last day of the institute. The instructions relate to this activity.

 

3:15-3:30

Break

   

3:30-4:45

Deane Neubauer

Global Interdependence and Higher Education—This section introduces globalization as a process and begins the examination of how globalization is affecting all of higher education.

(2) Deane Neubauer, “Ten Globalization Trends for HE” ppt.

6:00-9:00

NCCU

Welcome Banquet

 

Day Two: Monday July 14

     

8:30-10:00

Deane   Neubauer and John Hawkins

The knowledge society and implications for higher education followed by short exercise.

Reading: (c) Hawkins “The Transformation of Research in the Knowledge Society”.

(3) Hawkins and Neubauer “Framing the Conversation About the Knowledge Industry,” PPT

10:00-10:20

Break

   

10:20-12:00

Deane Neubauer and John Hawkins

Quality Issues. Quality is one of the more essential elements of the higher education experience, but also one of the more difficult concepts to fully appreciate and work with within this context. This module provides a review of the many different efforts that have been developed to conceptualize and employ quality as a valuable tool within higher education and ties them to the current use of comparative international rankings

(4) Neubauer and Hawkins, Higher Education and Quality Assurance PPT and exercise

12:00-1:30

Lunch

   

1:30-2:30

Deane Neubauer and John Hawkins

Complete exercise

2:30-2:45

Break

   

2:45-5:00

Participants

Country Presentations

 

Day 3: Tuesday July 15

     

8:30-10:00

Kazuo Kuroda

Migration and Mobility and Cross Border Education in Asia Pacific

Reading:

(d) Kuroda: ‘International Student Mobility for East Asian Integration”

(5) Kuroda: Data on Student Mobility in East Asia (PPT)

10:00-10:20

Break

   

10:20-12:00

Kazuo Kuroda and Deane Neubauer

Migration and Mobility continued

Tool Kit Exercise for Capacity, Mobility and Migration

12:00-1:15

Lunch

   

1:15-2:30

Kazuo Kuroda and John Hawkins

Issues Affecting Asia Pacific Higher Education Regionalization

(6) Hawkins: Regionalization& the Harmonization of HE in Asia: Easier Said Than Done PPT

2:30-2:45

Break

   

2:45-4:00

Kazuo Kuroda and Deane Neubauer

Regional Issues and Quality

New Exercise to be developed by Deane and Kazuo

4:00-4:10

Break

   

4:10-5:30

Kazuo Kuroda/Deane Neubauer

Regional Issues/Quality

Exercise and report back

Day 4: Wednesday July 16

     

8:30-10:00

Deane Neubauer

Changing Ecology of Higher Education

(7) Neubauer: “The Changing Social Ecology of Higher Education in Asia Pacific Higher Education” PPT

(e) Peter Ewell, “The New Ecology for Higher Education” (PDF)

10:00-10:10

Break

   

10:10-12:00

Deane Neubauer

Exercise on Changing Ecology

New Exercise

12:00-1:00

Lunch

   

1:00-2:30

Deane Neubauer and John Hawkins

21st Century Work skills and Competencies

(f) Hawkins and Neubauer 21st century work skills and competencies pdf

(8) Hawkins and Neubauer, “21st century work skills and competencies: Establishing context. PPT

2:30-2:45

Break

   

2:45-4:30

Deane and John

Exercise and Discussion

Use 21st century work skills ppt as basis for exercise

Day 5: Thursday July 17

     

8:30-10:00

Molly Lee

Changing Dynamics of Asia Pacific Higher Education

(9) Molly Lee: “Globalization Practices in Asia-Pacific Universities” PPT

10:00-10:15

Break

   

10:15-12:00

Molly Lee

Public Private Public and Private Issues in Asia Pacific Higher Education. This module explores the extraordinary changes taking place in the meanings and realities of how notions of public and private are utilized within the region and their specific implications within higher education.

(g) Neubauer and Lee, “Redefining Public and Private in Asia Pacific Higher Education” pdf

(10) “Higher Education Public Good or Private Service” ppt.

12:00-1:00

Lunch

   

1:00-2:30

Molly Lee and Sheng-Ju

Exploring the Hybrid University

(11) Ppt and discussion

2:30-3:00

Break

   

3:00-4:30

Deane Neubauer

The Global University

(12) The Globalizing University in an Asian Context

Day 6: Friday July 18

     

8:30-10:00

     

10:30

Break

   

10:30-12:00

Yuchen Yang

Teaching Globalization of Higher Education

Yuchen Yang, (13) Experimenting with Paradigms: Teaching Globalization in a Chinese University, PPT: (j) “TEACHING GLOBALIZATION 
as a content based   language course to Chinese students:
a case study at NENU”

12:00-1:00

Lunch

   

1:00-2:30

Yuchen Yang

Massification and quality in Chinese Higher Education

14   To be developed

2:30-2:45

     

2:45-4:30

Deane   Neubauer

More Rethinking Innovation

(h) Neubauer, “Rethinking Innovation in a Higher Education Context” pdf and (15)

PPT and Exercise

Day 7: Saturday July 19

     

8:00-10:00

John Hawkins

Shifting Ecology of Research in AP HE

(16) Hawkins “Shifting Ecology of Research in AP HE” ppt.

10:00-10:15

Break

   

10:15-12:00

Participants and DN and JH

Report on Exercise and

 

12:00-1:00

Lunch

   

1:00-2:30

Participants

Begin Final Reports

 

2:30-2:45

Break

Continue Reports

 

2:45-4:30

Participants Continue Reports

   

Day 8: Sunday July 20

     

8:30-10:00

Participants

Continue Reports

 

10:00-10:30

Break

   

10:30-12:00

Participants

Continue Reports

 

12:00-1:00

Lunch

   

1:00-2:15

 

Continue Reports

 

2:15-2:30

Break

   

2:30-4:00

Participants

Continue Reports

 

4:00-4:30

Sheng-ju

Closing Reflections on Institute

 

6:00

 

Farewell Dinner-Host NCCU

 

Appendix One: Country Presentations

The object of this exercise is to allow each country group of participants to provide some information and insight into higher   education issues for the benefit of the whole group. Higher education in all of these countries is a complex and complicated affair and we do not expect that in 15 minutes a comprehensive or exhaustive presentation could be made.

We suggest that when preparing these presentations you seek to cover the following points.

1. Provide some illustrative data. For example: how many students are engaged in higher education? How many degrees are granted each year, at which levels? Approximately how many researchers and faculty are working at how many institutions?

2. Very briefly, how are HEI’s organized and regulated? (For example, how many in the private sector? How many in the public sector? In very simple terms, what is the regulatory framework for each?)

3. What kinds of processes and mechanisms are in place pursuing quality and quality assessment in higher education?

4. In general, what are the major issues facing higher education in your country?

5. Are there major policy initiatives being proposed to deal with such issues, and if so, what are they?

Faculty Bio Statements

Faculty Directory—APHERP Leadership Institute, July 13-20, 2014 National Chung Cheng University

Sheng-Ju Chan is Associate Professor in the Graduate Institute of Education at the National Chung Cheng University, Taiwan. His areas of special interests are higher education policy, comparative education and higher education management. He is author of over a dozen publications in Chinese and English, and also a policy advisor to the Ministry of Education in Taiwan for higher education merger. His recent articles focused on cross-border education, internationalization and student mobility in Asia and were published in well-known journals such as Asia Pacific Journal of Education, Higher Education Policy and Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management etc. Specialising in education in East Asia, Dr. Chan is the associate editor of international journal of Asian Education and Development Studies published by Emerald. Having heavily involved with comparative education studies and community, he has been the Secretary-General of the Chinese Taipei Comparative Education Society in Taiwan since 2010 and received Society's research award in 2011

John N. Hawkins is Professor Emeritus and Director of the Center for International and Development Studies at the Graduate School of Education and Information Studies at the University of California, Los Angeles and a consultant at the East West Center.  He was Dean of International Studies at UCLA, and has served as a Director of the UCLA Foundation Board, as well as the East West Center Foundation Board.  He is Chief Editor of the new Comparative Education Series of Palgrave MacMillan Press, a specialist on higher education reform in the U.S. and Asia, and author of several books and research articles on education and development in Asia.  He has conducted research throughout Asia since 1966 when he first visited the People’s Republic of China and Japan.

Dr. Molly N.N. Lee is the recently retired (Dec. 2011) Coordinator of the Asia-Pacific Programme of Educational Programme for Development (APEID) and Programme Specialist in Higher Education at UNESCO Asia and the Pacific Regional Bureau for Education in Bangkok. As the Coordinator of APEID, she ran programs on higher education, technical and vocational education, education for sustainable development and ICT in education. Prior to joining UNESCO Bangkok, she was a Professor of Education at the University of Science, Penang, Malaysia. Dr. Lee has a Ph.D. in International Development Education, a Master's degree in Sociology from Stanford University, and a Master's in Education Planning and Development from University of London Institute of Education. Her research interests are higher education, teacher education, ICT in education and education for sustainable development. Her publications include: “Restructuring Higher Education in Malaysia”, “Private Higher Education in Malaysia”, Malaysian Universities: Towards Equality, Accessibility, Quality”, “The Corporatisation of a Public University: Influence of Market Forces and State Controland “Global Trends, National Policies and Institutional Responses: Restructuring Higher Education”.

Deane Neubauer is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Political Science at the University of Hawaii, Manoa, Senior Research Fellow of the Globalization Research Center (UHM) and Senior Advisor to the International Forum for Education 2020 Program of the East-West Center. Educated at the University of California, Riverside and Yale University (Ph.D. 1965) in political science, he has taught additionally at the University of California (Berkeley and Irvine), Waikato University (NZ) and the University of Sydney. His research interests lie in health policy, political economy, education and globalization. His work explores globalization phenomena as a major vector of social change throughout the world. He served as the founding dean of the College of Social Sciences at the University of Hawaii, Manoa (1980-88) and was the founding director of the Globalization Research Center at the University of Hawaii, Manoa and subsequently Executive Director of the Globalization Research Network, a collaboration of four US universities. He served as Chancellor of the University of Hawaii, Manoa from 2001-2002 and as Vice President for Academic Affairs for the University of Hawaii System from 2001-2004. He has worked extensively throughout the United States in higher education accreditation, having served as a member of the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (Senior Commission) from 1995-2001, with whom he continues to work.

Yuchen Yang

Professor of Linguistics at Northeast Normal University, China

Yuchen is Professor of Linguistics, Deputy Dean of Foreign Languages School, and Chair of English Department at Northeast Normal University, China. She received her Ph.D. from Northeast Normal University in Linguistics and Literature and her M.A. from Thames Valley University, London in English language Teaching. Over her academic career, she has been active in various areas of linguistic research and English language teaching, including theories of language, discourse and text analysis, cognition and writing, globalization and English language teaching, etc. Her recent publications are: Globalization Primer; Discourse analysis: theory and practice; Schema Models as reflected in Lexical Priming with Chinese learners of English.


APHERP Research Cluster[1]

Exploring Hybrid Universities in East Asia: Cultures, Values and Changes

(EHU Project)

Cluster Leader: Professor Sheng-Ju Chan

National Chung Cheng University, Taiwan

  1. 1.Introduction
  2. 2.Research Phases

Due to the prevalence of the globalizing force and neoliberalism, many universities have gone through major transformations in terms of missions, governance and institutional practices. Moreover, greater internationalization might have resulted in further homogenization among universities since international or 'western' standards are adopted by Asia Pacific counties. However, there is an alternative argument that traditional Asian values or Confucius ideas have played a key role in enhancing and raising institutional performance/competitiveness. Traditional Asian values are characterized by collective well-being, authoritarian leadership and management, respect for seniority, and emphasis on interpersonal relationship while the Western standards relatively tend to stress the opposite. Therefore, it is become an interesting issue to explore to what extent that higher education institutions in this region have changed their values orientation over the past two decades.

In investigating these changes between the East and the West, we will be able to examine: a) what are the respective characteristics of Asian values that each country has or emphasizes in their higher education systems (HES) right now; b) to what degree that local HES has perceived these invading forces as a result of globalization and neoliberal policies; c) to what extent that higher education institutions in Asia Pacific region have reformed their institutions/mechanisms and complied with western values; d) the different degrees of changes that have taken place among regional countries. Since this research project not only aims at investigating the changes in institutional structure and operation, it also targets at the revelation of underpinning values mobilized by university faculty to operate institutions or policies. Through this deeper examination of changes in value system in higher education, we can have a better understanding of how traditional Asian values have been challenged, eroded or even replaced. This study, therefore, is critically important in the following threefold:

--Cultural values in Asian universities are critically examined against the tidal waves of globalization and neoliberal ideas;

--Changes in institutional management and governance of the universities can be comparatively addressed in relation to different value systems;

--Examining the ongoing convergences or divergences between universities in the East and the West.

In achieving the prescribed objectives, this research project will be divided into three phases/years:

u  First phase/year(the first meeting):

The research cluster participants conceptualize/map out Asian values or traditions and their relations to higher education systems in different jurisdictions or geographic boundaries (see Page four for details).

 

u  Second phase/year:

The main aim is to develop an quantitative survey/questionnaire in order to measure to what extent that universities in East Asia has gone through transformation in terms of Asian cultures/values as a result of greater internationalization or neoliberal movement.

u  Third phase/year:

Using case study as methodology, participants choose representative universities (one or two universities) from their countries/societies to investigate how and why such changing value orientations have taken place and what are the implications to institutional governance and management.

  1. 3.Some Key Concepts of Asian Cultures/Values

u  In pursuit of collective well-being

Well-being is a concept that is highly dependent on relationships in a social community (Evans & Prilleltensky, 2007). A collective well-being, according to the analysis of Evans and Prilleltensky (2007), relates to personal contribution to common good, appreciation of interdependence, and culture that fosters interdependence. Thus to what extent the sense of a collective well-being influenced individual’s decision and actions in institutions of higher education will become a research question here.

u  Authoritarian leadership and management

The emergent concepts of positive leadership and management behavior include democratic decision making process, respect organizational member’s opinions, and collecting ideas amongst organization members. Authoritarian leadership, on the contrary, might command staff (or younger faculty) to finish organization’s tasks even others do not agree his or her ideas. In East Asia, to what degree that authoritarian leadership has been implemented in higher education institutions and how greater internationalization has impacted upon authoritarian leadership behavior become the key research question here.

u  Respect for seniority

Age is one of the important characteristics in human societies. Traditionally, elderly people are considered as full of knowledge, power, and authority. However, different cultures develop different perspectives on the value of age. For example, western countries (such as the United States) have the culture of relatively valuing youth. This phenomenon is especially seen in the academic labor market in the United States (Monks and Robinson, 2001). Chen and Chung (2002) argued that Asian nations such as China, Japan, Korea, and Taiwan are highly influenced by Confucianism and value seniority a lot, representing both age and length of service in an organization. However, this tradition could be challenged when western culture of valuing youth enters Asian higher education due to the tidal wave of internationalized force.

u  Emphasis on interpersonal relationship

Asian tradition/value highlights a proper interpersonal relationship(人际关系) to be the basis of human society. Key elements of Confucian/Asian interpersonal relationship include reciprocity, in/out group distinction, intermediaries, and the overlap of personal and public relationships (Yum, 1988). In addition to institutional arrangement, interpersonal relationship tends to play a major role in decision-making, management and governance within the campus. Whether this factor still occupies a critical position in East Asia after a series of higher education reform is one of our main concerns.

  1. 4.Proposed Participants
  2. 5.What participants are expected to do in the first meeting?

The proposed participants of this research cluster include the following ten countries and scholars:

1. China: Rui Yang (University of Hong Kong)

2. Hong Kong: William Yat-Wai Lo (Hong Kong Institute of Education)

3. Singapore: Yeow-Tong Chia (University of Sydney)

4. Japan: Akiyoshi Yonezawa (Nagoya University)

5. Korea: Jisun Jung (University of Hong Kong)

6. Malaysia: Molly Lee (former UNESCO higher education specialist)

7. Vietnam: Nhai Nguyen (RMIT International University, Vietnam)

8. Philippines: Edilberto C. de Jesus (Asian Institute of Management)

9. Taiwan: Sheng-Ju Chan (National Chung Cheng University), Cheng-Cheng Yang (National Chiayi University)

10. USA: Deane Neubauer (Co-Director, APHERP), John Hawkins (Co-Director, APHERP)

u  Participants have to make a presentation (using PPT) for 30 minutes followed by a 20 minutes discussion.

u  In this presentation, presenters can deal with conceptual framework in relation to Asian/Confucian values and develop his/her analyses on university ideas, governance and management, organizational culture, and higher education reforms in respective countries.

u  Based on field observations, participants can also briefly report how the newly implemented policies or practices launched by governments and universities have challenged traditional Asian cultures/values outlined above.

u  In this meeting, we will discuss how this research project will proceed for the next three years including possible collective presentation and publication.

Further Readings

Chia, Y.T. (2011). The elusive goal of nation building: Asian/Confucian values and citizenship education in Singapore during the 1980s. British Journal of Educational Studies, 59(4): 383-402.

Cummings, W. K., Tatto, M. T. & Hawkins, J. (2001). Values education for dynamics societies: Individualism or collectivism. Comparative Education Research Centre, the University of Hong Kong.

Neubauer, D., Shin, J.C. & Hawkins, J. (2013)(eds). The Dynamics of higher education development in East Asia: Asian cultural heritage, Western dominance, economic development, and globalization. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Yang, R. (2011). Self and the other in the Confucian cultural context: Implications of China's higher education development for comparative studies. International Review of Education, 57(3-4): 337-355.

References

Chen, G. M. & Chung, J. (2002). Seniority and superiority: A case analysis of decision making in a Taiwanese religious group. Intercultural Communication Studies, 11(1), 41-55.

Evans, S. D. & Prilleltensky, L. (2007). Youth and democracy: Participation for personal, relational, and collective well-being. Journal of Community Psychology, 35(6), 681-692.

Monks, J. & Robinson, M. (2001). The returns to seniority in academic labor markets. Journal of Labor Research, 22(2), 415-426.

Yum, J. O. (1988). The impact of Confucianism on interpersonal relationships and communication patterns in East Asia. Communication Monographs, 55, 374-388.


[1] Please refer to the APHERP website (http://apherp.org/) for details.

執行成果:

本研習活動從713日至22日為期十天針對21世紀,亞太地區的高等教育面臨了劇烈的全球性政治與經濟等變化的衝擊及亞洲諸多發展中國家經濟勢力的崛起、各種競爭與合作的可能性增加;象徵著培育專業人才知識與技能的高等教育機構,也受到了更為嚴格的審視,就高等教育的實際運作來看,要如何能在擺盪的政策決定與競爭壓力下生存下去、並且兼顧機構的個別特色與教育品質,則是諸多高等教育機構與提供者所面臨的艱鉅挑戰。

近年來亞洲地區國家在政治、經濟、社會文化與教育都有加速區域化的現象,這些現象正逐步改變區域內高等教育機構的行為與策略,透過五位資深講師依據「高等教育創新與21世紀學習能力」的重要內涵分別根據對不同議題分別進行重要內容講授,瞭解背後的影響因素。強化亞太地區高等教育機構之間的合作,以期達到亞太地區不同國家與不同地方之間文化、經濟社會制度的相互了解,參與學員針對特定主題進行實務研討,擬議具體應對方案,評估系統影響與利弊得失,探索當前之系統變化。依據政治、社會與經濟發展特性與階段,各學員根據本國發展現況與特質,研擬高等教育系統層級、機構層級因應策略、方案與內涵等進行直接對話/辯論,進行跨國高等教育比較分析,提升參與學員對於高等教育變遷動力之認知與技能。

本次研習活動負責培訓亞太地區的教育界領導人物,以往該活動都在夏威夷的東西文化中心舉辦,為擴大亞洲國家的接觸機會,透過合辦形式與各國大學策略聯盟,共同舉辦研習會議。我們很高興能和夏威夷大學東西中心第二次合作,也感謝國際事務處及國立嘉義大學教育行政與政策發展研究所對於此活動的贊助及支持,讓中正大學對教育領導與管理得到更多新的想法,也對在教育領導和管理研究發展帶來許多實質助益。

活動剪影:

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